Science Genres

project diamond

ROBOTICS AND INTELLIGENT MACHINES

Studies in which the use of machine intelligence is paramount to reducing the reliance on human intervention.

  • Biomechanics: Studies and apparatus which mimic the role of mechanics in biological systems.
  • Cognitive Systems: Studies/apparatus that operate similarly to the ways humans think and process information. Systems that provide for increased interaction of people and machines to more naturally extend and magnify human expertise, activity, and cognition.
  • Control Theory: Studies that explore the behavior of dynamical systems with inputs, and how their behavior is modified by feedback. This includes new theoretical results and the applications of new and established control methods, system modelling, identification and simulation, the analysis and design of control systems (including computer-aided design), and practical implementation.
  • Machine Learning: Construction and/or study of algorithms that can learn from data.
  • Robot Kinematics: The study of movement in robotic systems.
  • Other: Studies that cannot be assigned to one of the above subcategories. If the project involves multiple subcategories, the principal subcategory should be chosen instead of Other.

SYSTEMS SOFTWARE

The study or development of software, information processes or methodologies to demonstrate, analyze, or control a process/solution.

  • Algorithms: The study or creation of algorithms - step-by-step procedure of calculations to complete a specific task in data processing, automated reasoning and computing.
  • Cybersecurity: Studies involving the protection of a computer or computer system against unauthorized access or attacks. This can include studies involving hardware, network, software, host or multimedia security.
  • Databases: Studies that create or analyze data organization for ease of access, management and update.
  • Human/Machine Interface:Software application that presents information to a user about the state of a process and to accept and implement the operator’s control instructions.
  • Languages and Operating Systems: Studies that involve the development or analysis of artificial languages used to write instructions that can be translated into machine language and then executed by a computer or system software responsible for the direct control and management of hardware and basic system operations of a computer or mobile device.
  • Mobile Apps: A study involving a software application developed specifically for use on small, wireless computing devices. These studies may include front-end development techniques, such as user interface design and cross-platform support, and/or back-end development techniques, such as data services and business logic.
  • Online Learning: Studies that focus on utilizing electronic technologies to access educational curriculum outside of a traditional means. Studies explore the design of learning activities and programs with online technologies, as well as the effective use of e-learning systems.

PHYSICS AND ASTRONOMY

Physics is the science of matter and energy and of interactions between the two. Astronomy is the study of anything in the universe beyond the Earth.

  • Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics: The study of atoms, simple molecules, electrons, light, and their interactions. Projects studying non-solid state lasers and masers also belong in this subcategory.
  • Astronomy and Cosmology: The study of space, the universe as a whole, including its origins and evolution, the physical properties of objects in space and computational astronomy.
  • Biological Physics: The study of the physics of biological processes and systems.
  • Condensed Matter and Materials: The study of the properties of solids and liquids. Topics such as superconductivity, semi-conductors, complex fluids, and thin films are studied.
  • Mechanics: Classical physics and mechanics, including the macroscopic study of forces, vibrations and flows; on solid, liquid and gaseous materials. Projects studying aerodynamics or hydrodynamics also belong in this subcategory.
  • Nuclear and Particle Physics: The study of the physical properties of the atomic nucleus and of fundamental particles and the forces of their interaction. Projects developing particle detectors also belong in this subcategory.
  • Theoretical, Computational, and Quantum Physics: The study of nature, phenomena and the laws of physics employing mathematical or computational methods rather than experimental processes.
  • Other: Studies that cannot be assigned to one of the above subcategories. If the project involves multiple subcategories, the principal subcategory should be chosen instead of Other.

MATHEMATICS

The study of the measurement, properties, and relationships of quantities and sets, using numbers and symbols. The deductive study of numbers, geometry, and various abstract constructs, or structures.

  • Algebra: The study of algebraic operations and/or relations and the structures which arise from them. An example is given by (systems of) equations which involve polynomial functions of one or more variables.
  • Analysis: The study of infinitesimal processes in mathematics, typically involving the concept of a limit. This begins with differential and integral calculus, for functions of one or several variables, and includes differential equations.
  • Combinatorics, Graph Theory, and Game Theory: The study of combinatorial structures in mathematics, such as finite sets, graphs, and games, often with a view toward classification and/or enumeration.
  • Geometry and Topology: The study of the shape, size, and other properties of figures and spaces. Includes such subjects as Euclidean geometry, non-Euclidean geometries (spherical, hyperbolic, Riemannian, Lorentzian), and knot theory (classification of knots in 3-space).
  • Number Theory: The study of the arithmetic properties of integers and related topics such as cryptography.
  • Probability and Statistics: Mathematical study of random phenomena and the study of statistical tools used to analyze and interpret data.
  • Other: Studies that cannot be assigned to one of the above subcategories. If the project involves multiple subcategories, the principal subcategory should be chosen instead of Other.

EMBEDDED SYSTEMS

Studies involving electrical systems in which information is conveyed via signals and waveforms for purposes of enhancing communications, control and/or sensing.

  • Circuits: The study, analysis, and design of electronic circuits and their components, including testing.
  • Internet of Things: The inter-networking of physical devices embedded with electronics, software, sensors, actuators, and network connectivity to enable objects to collect/exhcange data and/or rovide control. Such devices are to be connected with the internet and/or the cloud.
  • Microcontrollers: The study and engineering of microcontrollers and their use to control other devices.
  • Networking and Data Communications: The study of systems that transmit any combination of voice, video, and/or data among users.
  • Optics: The use of visible or infrared light instead of signals sent over wires. The study and development of optical devices and systems devoted to practical applications such as computation.
  • Sensors: The study and design of devices that transmit an electrical response to an external device.
  • Signal Processing: The extraction of signals from noise and their conversion into a representation for modeling and analysis.
  • Other: Studies that cannot be assigned to one of the above subcategories. If the project involves multiple subcategories, the principal subcategory should be chosen instead of Other.

EARTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

Studies of the environment and its effect on organisms/systems, including investigations of biological processes such as growth and life span, as well as studies of Earth systems and their evolution.

  • Atmospheric Science: The study of the Earth's atmosphere, its processes, the effects other systems have on the atmosphere, and the effects of the atmosphere on these other systems as well as meteorological investigations. Further investigation in this field relates to atmospheric chemistry, atmospheric physics, atmospheric changes (both long and short-term) that define average climates and their change over time, and upper layers of the atmosphere, where dissociation and ionization are important.
  • Climate Science: Studies of Earth’s climate, particularly evidential study of climate change over a period of time. This field studies long-term trends in average meteorological conditions and changes in these averaged conditions from season to season, year to year, decade to decade.
  • Environmental Effects on Ecosystems: Studies of the impact of environmental changes (natural or as a result of human interaction) on ecosystems, including empirical pollution studies.
  • Geosciences: Studies of Earth’s land processes, including mineralogy, plate tectonics, volcanism, and sedimentology.
  • Water Science: Studies of Earth’s water systems, including water resources, movement, distribution, and water quality. This field includes the occurrence, movement, abundance, distribution, and quality of subsurface waters and related geologic aspects of surface waters. Furthermore, it projects may also address water from the moment of precipitation until it evaporates into the atmosphere or is discharged into the ocean; for example, river systems and the impacts of flooding.
  • Other: Studies that cannot be assigned to one of the above subcategories. If the project involves multiple subcategories, the principal subcategory should be chosen instead of Other.

ENERGY: PHYSICAL

Studies of renewable energy structures/processes including energy production and efficiency.

  • Hydro Power: The application of engineering principles and design concepts to capture energy from falling and running water to be converted to another form of energy.
  • Nuclear Power: The application of engineering principles and design concepts to capture nuclear energy to be converted to another form of energy.
  • Solar: The application of engineering principles and design concepts to capture energy from the sun to be converted to another form of energy.
  • Sustainable Design: The application of engineering principles and design concepts to plan and/or construct buildings and infrastructure that minimize environmental impact.
  • Thermal Power: The application of engineering principles and design concepts to capture energy from the Earth’s crust to be converted to another form of energy.
  • Wind: The application of engineering principles and design concepts to capture energy from the wind to be converted to another form of energy.
  • Other: Studies that cannot be assigned to one of the above subcategories. If the project involves multiple subcategories, the principal subcategory should be chosen instead of Other.
Reference & Credit: This page is based on data available here - https://student.societyforscience.org/intel-isef-categories-and-subcategories
Last modified: Wednesday, 19 July 2017, 11:30 AM